Efficacy of standard and low dose hydrochlorothiazide in the recurrence prevention of calcium nephrolithiasis (NOSTONE trial): protocol for a randomized double-blind placebo-controlled trial
Dhayat NA, Faller N, Bonny O, Mohebbi N, Ritter A, Pellegrini L, Bedino G, Schönholzer C, Venzin RM, Hüsler C, Koneth I, Del Giorno R, Gabutti L, Amico P, Mayr M, Odermatt U, Buchkremer F, Ernandez T, Stoermann-Chopard C, Teta D, Rintelen F, Roumet M, Irincheeva I, Trelle S, Tamò L,, Roth B, Vogt B, Fuster DG.
Nephrolithiasis is a global healthcare problem with a current lifetime risk of 18.8% in men and 9.4% in women. Given the high cost of medical treatments and surgical interventions as well as the morbidity related to symptomatic stone disease, medical prophylaxis for stone recurrence is an attractive approach. Thiazide diuretics have been the cornerstone of pharmacologic metaphylaxis for more than 40 years. However, evidence for benefits and harms of thiazides in the prevention of calcium containing kidney stones in general remains unclear. In addition, the efficacy of the currently employed low dose thiazide regimens to prevent stone recurrence is not known
par Olivier Bonny (DPT)