Circadian rhythms and the kidney
Firsov D, Bonny O.
Numerous physiological functions exhibit substantial circadian oscillations. In the kidneys, renal plasma flow, the glomerular filtration rate and tubular reabsorption and/or secretion processes have been shown to peak during the active phase and decline during the inactive phase. These functional rhythms are driven, at least in part, by a self-sustaining cellular mechanism termed the circadian clock. The circadian clock controls different cellular functions, including transcription, translation and protein post-translational modifications (such as phosphorylation, acetylation and ubiquitylation) and degradation. Disruption of the circadian clock in animal models results in the loss of blood pressure control and substantial changes in the circadian pattern of water and electrolyte excretion in the urine. Kidney-specific suppression of the circadian clock in animals implicates both the intrinsic renal and the extrarenal circadian clocks in these pathologies. Alterations in the circadian rhythm of renal functions are associated with the development of hypertension, chronic kidney disease, renal fibrosis and kidney stones. Furthermore, renal circadian clocks might interfere with the pharmacokinetics and/or pharmacodynamics of various drugs and are therefore an important consideration in the treatment of some renal diseases or disorders. Nat Rev Nephrol. 2018 Aug 24. doi: 10.1038/s41581-018-0048-9. [Epub ahead of print]
par Dmitri Firsov